The aim of this course is to introduce basic ideas of quantum computation and quantum information. To actually process information means to to build a physical device capable of performing the required operations. If one attempts to use microscopic carriers to store and subsequently process information, on is forced to rethink the fundamentals of computation of information. Interestingly, this altered perspective not only imposes restrictions to process information but also opens up new, classically unexpected approaches.
Main paradigms of quantum information theory such as the no-cloning theorem, teleportation, and basic quantum algorithms will be presented. The ideas of doing computations quantum mechanically will be made explicit using quantum circuits.
Entanglement of quantum systems is an important feature which is thought of as a resource to perform tasks in a non-classical way. Hence, the problems of identifying and quantifying entanglement emerge, and some of the currently available tools will be discussed.
- MA Nielsen, I L Chang Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2000
No prerequisites information is available yet.
No syllabus information is available yet.