MAGIC064: Algebraic Topology

Course details

A core MAGIC course

Semester

Spring 2023
Monday, January 23rd to Friday, March 31st

Hours

Live lecture hours
20
Recorded lecture hours
0
Total advised study hours
80

Timetable

Tuesdays
14:05 - 14:55
Thursdays
14:05 - 14:55

Course forum

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Description

Algebraic topology studies `geometric' shapes, spaces and maps between them by algebraic means. An example of a space is a circle, or a doughnut-shaped figure, or a Möbius band. A little more precisely, the objects we want to study belong to a certain geometric `category' of topological spaces (the appropriate definition will be given in due course).
This category is hard to study directly in all but the simplest cases. The objects involved could be multidimensional, or even have infinitely many dimensions and our everyday life intuition is of little help. To make any progress we consider a certain `algebraic' category and a `functor' or a `transformation' from the geometric category to the algebraic one. We say `algebraic category' because its objects have algebraic nature, like natural numbers, vector spaces, groups etc. This algebraic category is more under our control. The idea is to obtain information about geometric objects by studying their image under this functor. Now the basic problem of algebraic topology is to find a system of algebraic invariants of topological spaces which would be powerful enough to distinguish different shapes.
On the other hand these invariants should be computable. Over the decades people have come up with lots of invariants of this sort. In this course we will consider the most basic, but in some sense, also the most important ones, the so-called homotopy and homology groups. 

Prerequisites

Algebra: Groups, rings, fields, homomorphisms, examples.

Standard point-set topology: topological spaces, continuous maps, subspaces, product spaces, quotient spaces, examples.

Syllabus

  • Introduction to the properties of cohomology rings
  • Survey of some interesting spaces, and description of their cohomology (without proof)
  • The construction of singular cohomology
  • Basics of homotopy theory; homotopy invariance of cohomology
  • Exact sequences and the Snake Lemma.  Subdivision and the Mayer-Vietoris sequence
  • Cohomology of spheres.  Applications: Invariance of Domain, the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem, the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra.
  • Proofs for the cohomology of various other spaces, developing various techniques along the way.  Depending on the available time we may cover the Thom Isomorphism Theorem, the Projective Bundle Theorem, Chern classes and Euler classes for vector bundles, the theory of mapping degrees and Poincare duality.
 

Lecturer

  • Professor Neil Strickland

    Professor Neil Strickland

    University
    University of Sheffield

Bibliography

No bibliography has been specified for this course.

Assessment

The assessment for this course will be released on Monday 1st May 2023 and is due in by Friday 12th May 2023 at 23:59.

Assessment for all MAGIC courses is via take-home exam which will be made available at the release date (the start of the exam period).

You will need to upload a PDF file with your own attempted solutions by the due date (the end of the exam period).

If you have kept up-to-date with the course, the expectation is it should take at most 3 hours’ work to attain the pass mark, which is 50%.

Please note that you are not registered for assessment on this course.

Files

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Lectures

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